Hypertension, also know as High Blood Pressure(BP) has become one of the most pressing health issues especially in developed countries. Although there are several forms of treatment available, hypertension cannot be totally cured. As the old saying goes “Prevention is better than cure”, therefore, Jin’s Health tips would like to share with you ways on preventing high blood pressure.
Let me first give you a brief description on what is hypertension. Hypertension is the increase in BP of the arteries. This increase in BP opens up the Pandora’s box of many other health problems such as atherosclerosis, heart attack, stroke, dementia, ischemic attack, kidney failure and even loss of vision.
Classification Systolic pressure Diastolic pressure:
mmHg kPa mmHg kPa
Normal: 90-119 12-15.9 60-79 8.0-10.5
Prehypertension: 120-139 16.0-18.5 80-89 10.7-11.9
Stage 1 140-159 18.7-21.2 90-99 12.0-13.2
Stage 2 ≥160 ≥21.3 ≥100 ≥13.3
hypertension: ≥140 ≥18.7 <90 <12.0
Source: American Heart Association (2003).
This is a guide as to which category does your BP falls under.
If you exhibit the following symptoms, please consult your doctor to check if you have hypertension:
– Chest pain
– Breathing problems
– Irregular heartbeat
– Blood in urine
– Problems with vision
How to Prevent Hypertension:
– Regular exercise
– Reduce dietary sugar
– Reduce dietary salt
– Refrain from smoking
– Reduce stress
– Abstain from alcohol